At the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul, South Korea, in March, U.S. President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry A. Medvedev agreed that negotiations on the controversial U.S.-planned European missile defense system would only be possible after the U.S. presidential election in November. Thus, the moratorium on the WEE Treaty could not be lifted if there was no agreement that would ultimately change the security system in Europe. On the eve of the OSCE summit in Istanbul in 1999, NATO members were concerned about three issues of treaty compliance.  First of all, they stressed that the sustainability of Russian equipment in the “flank region” went far beyond the contractual limits. Secondly, they opposed a Russian military presence in Georgia – a presence that went beyond the level allowed by the Georgian authorities. Thirdly, they were concerned about the Russian military presence in Moldova, which did not have the explicit agreement of the Moldovan authorities. NATO members have insisted on a set of measures to address these issues. 4 The Parties shall endeavour to include, where appropriate, the prevention and punishment of violence against women and domestic violence in development assistance programmes for third countries, including through the conclusion of bilateral and multilateral agreements with third countries, in order to facilitate the protection of victims in accordance with Article 18; paragraph 5. Signed on November 19, 1990 in Paris by the 22 members of NATO and the former Warsaw Pact, the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe (or the CSE Treaty) is a pioneering arms control agreement that established parity in the main conventional forces/armor between East and West, from the Atlantic to the Urals.
It provides an unprecedented basis for lasting European security and stability. The original CSE Treaty (of unlimited duration) entered into force in 1992. Following the fall of the Warsaw Pact and the enlargement of NATO in the 1990s, the thirty States Parties to the SSC signed, at the OSCE Summit in Istanbul on 19 November 1999, the Adaptation Agreement amending the CSE Treaty in order to take account of the evolution of the geostrategic environment in Europe. With regard to Moldova, the statement states that the CSCE States Parties “welcome the commitment of the Russian Federation to complete the full withdrawal of Russian forces from the territory of the Republic of Moldova by the end of 2002” (emphasis ed here only).  Although Russia has respected the other commitments, it has consistently denied, since 2002, having made a clear commitment to the withdrawal of its troops, but Russia has withdrawn 58 pieces of equipment and ammunition from Transnistria. . . .